This image shows André Bächtiger

André Bächtiger

Prof. Dr.

Research Center for Interdisciplinary Risk and Innovation Studies


+49 711 685 81450

Breitscheidstr. 2
70174 Stuttgart


Professor Bächtiger’s area of research deals with the renewal of democracy through communication and deliberation. The aim is to create new links between normative theory and empirical research, whilst translating normative ideas into practical applications. His current research focuses on optimal forms of deliberation, the quality of public discourse, the deliberative skills of citizens, opinion forming in civil dialogue formats, deliberation in the context of foreigner voting rights and public justification of political decisions.


  1. 2020

    1. Bächtiger, A., & Goldberg, S. (2020). Towards a More Robust, but Limited and Contingent Defence of the Political Uses of Deliberative Minipublics. Special Issue: Democracy without Shortcuts, 16(2), 33–42.
    2. Bächtiger, A., Vrydagh, J., & Curato, N. (2020). Democracy without Shortcuts: Introduction to the Special Issue. Special Issue: Democracy without Shortcuts, 16(2), 1–9.
    3. Dryzek, J. S., Nicol, D., Niemeyer, S., Pemberton, S., Curato, N., Bächtiger, A., Batterham, P., Bedsted, B., Burall, S., Burgess, M., Burgio, G., Castelfranchi, Y., Chneiweiss, H., Church, G., Crossley, M., de Vries, J., Farooque, M., Hammond, M., He, B., … Vergne, A. (2020). Global citizen deliberation on genome editing. Science, 369(6510), 1435--1437.
    4. Goldberg, S., Wyss, D., & Bächtiger, A. (2020). Deliberating or Thinking (Twice) About Democratic Preferences: What German Citizens Want From Democracy. Political Studies, 68(2), 311–331.
  2. 2019

    1. Bächtiger, A., & Dryzek, J. (2019). Improving Political Deliberation. Science, 364, 643.
    2. Bächtiger, A., & Parkinson, J. (2019). Mapping and measuring deliberation: Towards a new deliberative quality. Oxford University Press.
    3. Dryzek, J. S., Bächtiger, A., Chambers, S., Cohen, J., Druckman, J. N., Felicetti, A., Fishkin, J. S., Farrell, D. M., Fung, A., Gutmann, A., Landemore, H., Mansbridge, J., Marien, S., Neblo, M. A., Niemeyer, S., Setälä, M., Slothuus, R., Suiter, J., Thompson, D., & Warren, M. E. (2019). The Crisis of Democracy and the Science of Deliberation. Science, 363(6432), 1144–1146.
    4. Ercan, S. A., & Bächtiger, A. (2019). Interview with André Bächtiger on Deliberative Democracy: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Democratic Theory, 6(1), 97–110.
  3. 2018

    1. Bächtiger, A., Dryzek, J. S., Mansbridge, J., & Warren, M. E. (Eds.). (2018). The Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy. Oxford University Press.
    2. Gerber, M., Bächtiger, A., Shikano, S., Reber, S., & Rohr, S. (2018). Deliberative Abilities and Influence in a Transnational Deliberative Poll (EuroPolis). British Journal of Political Science, 48(4), 1093–1118.
  4. 2017

    1. Bächtiger, A., & Beste, S. (2017). Deliberative Citizens, (Non)Deliberative Politicians: A Rejoinder to False Distinctions & Outdated Assumptions in Deliberative & Democratic Thinking. Daedalus, 146(3), 106–118.
    2. Lindell, M., Bächtiger, A., Grönlund, K., Herne, K., Setälä, M., & Wyss, D. (2017). What drives the Polarization and Moderation of Opinions? Evidence from a Finnish Citizen Deliberation Experiment on Immigration. European Journal of Political Research, 56(1), 23–45.
  5. 2016

    1. Baccaro, L., Bächtiger, A., & Deville, M. (2016). Small Differences That Matter: The Impact of Discussion Modalities on Deliberative Outcomes. British Journal of Political Science, 46(3), 551–566.
    2. Beauvais, E., & Bächtiger, A. (2016). Taking the Goals of Deliberation Seriously: A Differentiated View on Equality and Equity in Deliberative Designs and Processes. Journal of Public Deliberation, 12(2), Article 2.
    3. Bächtiger, A., & Lindell, M. (2016). “Benchmarking” Deliberative Quality across Sites. Political Communication Report, 26, Article 26.
  6. 2015

    1. Wyss, D., Beste, S., & Bächtiger, A. (2015). A Decline in the Quality of Debate? The Evolution of Cognitive Complexity in Swiss Parliamentary Debates on Immigration (1968-2014). Swiss Political Science Review, 21(4), 636–653.
  7. 2014

    1. Bächtiger, A., Grönlund, K., & Setälä, M. (2014). Towards a new era of mini-publics. In K. Grönlund, A. Bächtiger, & M. Setälä (Eds.), Deliberative mini-publics (pp. 225–246). ECPR Press.
    2. Bächtiger, A., & Gerber, M. (2014). “Gentlemanly Conversation” or Vigorous Contestation? An Exploratory Analysis of Communication Modes in a Transnational Deliberative Poll (Europolis). In K. Grönlund, A. Bächtiger, & M. Setälä (Eds.), Deliberative mini-publics (pp. 115–133). ECPR Press.
    3. Bächtiger, A., & Wegmann, A. (2014). ‘Scaling up’ Deliberation. In S. Elstub & P. Mclaverty (Eds.), Deliberative Democracy (pp. 118–135). Edinburgh University Press Ltd.
    4. Bächtiger, A. (2014). Debate and Deliberation in Legislatures. In S. Martin, T. Saalfeld, & K. W. Strøm (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies. Oxford University Press.
    5. Gerber, M., Bächtiger, A., Fiket, I., Steenbergen, M. R., & Steiner, J. (2014). Deliberative and Non-Deliberative Persuasion: Mechanisms of opinion formation in EuroPolis. European Union Politics, 15(3), 410–429.
    6. Grönlund, K., Bächtiger, A., & Setälä, M. (Eds.). (2014). Deliberative mini-publics: Practices, Promises, Pitfalls. ECPR Press.
  8. 2013

    1. Bächtiger, A., & Wyss, D. (2013). Empirische Deliberationsforschung – eine systematische Übersicht. Zeitschrift Für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, 7, 155–181.
    2. Bächtiger, A., Könemann, J., Jödicke, A., & Hangartner, D. (2013). Religious reasons in the public sphere: An empirical study of religious actors’ argumentative patterns in Swiss direct democratic campaigns. European Political Science Review, 5, 105–131.
    3. Pedrini, S., Bächtiger, A., & Steenbergen, M. R. (2013). Deliberative Inclusion of Minorities: Patterns of Reciprocity among Linguistic Groups in Switzerland. European Political Science Review, 5, 483–512.
    4. Warren, M. E., Mansbridge, J., Bächtiger, A., Cameron, M. A., Chambers, S., Ferejohn, J., Jacobs, A., Knight, J., Naurin, D., Schwartzberg, M., Tamir, Y., Thompson, D., & Williams, M. (2013). Deliberative Negotiation: Negotiating Agreement in Politics. In J. Mansbridge & C. J. Martin (Eds.), Negotiating Agreement in Politics (pp. 86–120).
  9. 2012

    1. Eisenkopf, G., & Bächtiger, A. (2012). Mediation and Conflict Prevention. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 57(4), 570–597.
  10. 2011

    1. Dryzek, J., Bächtiger, A., & Milewicz, K. (2011). Toward a Deliberative Global Citizens’ Assembly. Global Policy, 2(1), 33–42.
    2. Schwarz, D., Bächtiger, A., & Lutz, G. (2011). Switzerland: Agenda-Setting Power of the Government in a Separation-of-Powers Framework. In B. E. Rasch & G. Tsebelis (Eds.), The Role of Governments in Legislative Agenda Setting. Routledge.
  11. 2010

    1. Bächtiger, A., Niemeyer, S., Neblo, M., Steenbergen, M. R., & Steiner, J. (2010). Disentangling Diversity in Deliberative Democracy: Competing Theories, Their Blind Spots and Complementarities. Journal of Political Philosophy, 18(1), 32–63.
    2. Bächtiger, A., Pedrini, S., & Ryser, M. (2010). Prozessanalyse politischer Entscheidungen: Diskurstypen und Sequenzialisierung. In J. Behnke, T. Bräuninger, & S. Shikano (Eds.), Jahrbuch für Handlungs- und Entscheidungstheorie (pp. 193–226). VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
    3. Bächtiger, A., & Pedrini, S. (2010). Dissecting Deliberative Democracy: A Review of Theoretical Concepts and Empirical Findings. In M. R. Wolf, L. Morales, & K. Ikeda (Eds.), Political discussion in modern democracies (pp. 9–25). Routledge.
    4. Bächtiger, A., & Hangartner, D. (2010). When Deliberative Theory Meets Empirical Political Science: Theoretical and Methodological Challenges in Political Deliberation. Political Studies, 58(4), 609–629.
    5. Milewicz, K., Bächtiger, A., & Nothdurft, A. (2010). Constitutional pluralism or constitutional unity? An empirical study of international commitment (1945–2007). Review of International Studies, 36, 305–336.
  12. 2008

    1. Bächtiger, A., Hangartner, D., Hess, P., & Fraefel, C. (2008). Patterns of Parliamentary Discourse: How ‘Deliberative’ are German Legislative Debates? German Politics, 17(3), 270–292.
  13. 2007

    1. Bächtiger, A., Spörndli, M., Steenbergen, M. R., & Steiner, J. (2007). Deliberation in Legislatures: Antecedents and Outcomes. In S. W. Rosenberg (Ed.), Deliberation, Participation and Democracy (pp. 82–100). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
    2. Bächtiger, A., & Hitz, A. (2007). The Matrix Extended: Federal-Municipal Relations in Switzerland. In H. Lazar & C. Leuprecht (Eds.), Spheres of Governance (pp. 71–96). McGill Queen’s University Press.
    3. Bächtiger, A. (2007). Multiarchivische Erforschung internationaler Organisationen: Methodische und praktische Überlegungen am Beispiel der Gründung der Weltgesundheitsorganisation. In Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv (Ed.), Internationale Überlieferungsbildung (pp. 35–46). Chronos Verlag.
    4. Hangartner, D., Bächtiger, A., Grünenfelder, R., & Steenbergen, M. R. (2007). Mixing Habermas with Bayes: Methodological and Theoretical Advances in the Study of Deliberation. Swiss Political Science Review, 13(4), 607–644.
  14. 2005

    1. Bächtiger, A., Spörndli, M., Steenbergen, M. R., & Steiner, J. (2005). The Deliberative Dimensions of Legislatures. Acta Politica, 40, 225–238.
    2. Bächtiger, A. (2005). The Real World of Deliberation: A Comparative Study of its Favorable Conditions in Legislatures. Paul Haupt.
    3. Linder, W., & Bächtiger, A. (2005). What drives democratisation in Asia and Africa? European Journal of Political Research, 44(6), 861–880.
  15. 2004

    1. Bächtiger, A., & Steiner, J. (2004). Switzerland: Territorial Cleavage Management as Paragon and Paradox. In U. M. Amoretti & N. Bermeo (Eds.), Federalism and Territorial Cleavages. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    2. Steiner, J., Bächtiger, A., Spörndli, M., & Steenbergen, M. R. (2004). Deliberative Politics in Action: Analysing Parliamentary Discourse. Cambridge University Press.
  16. 2003

    1. Steenbergen, M. R., Bächtiger, A., Spörndli, M., & Steiner, J. (2003). Measuring Political Deliberation: A Discourse Quality Index. Comparative European Politics, 1(1), 21–48.

Born in 1971 in Bern, PhD and post-doctorate studies at the University of Bern, research scholar at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2003-2004), Swiss Chair Fellow at the European University Institute (2005), spokesman for the working group “Action and Decision Theory” (AKHueT) of the DVPW (2009-2015), visiting scholar at the Australian National University (2009), associate professor of the Swiss National Science Foundation at the University of Lucerne (2010-2015), member of the steering committee of the “Standing Group on Democratic Innovations” of the ECPR since 2011; fellow at Hanse Wissenschaftskolleg (Delmenhorst; 2012), member of the “Negotiating to Agreement” task force of the American Political Science Association (2012-2013), visiting professor at the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, 2014), professor of political science theory and empirical democracy research at the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Stuttgart since April 2015.

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