The energy transition in Germany requires a thorough transformation of energy conversion, distribution and use, Up to now, research has mainly focussed on developing technical solutions for individual areas of the energy system. However, the energy transition requires more. Funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the project “Energy Transition Navigation System” (ENavi) examines the interaction between technology development, organisation forms, regulation and behaviour. Through this, it widens the focus of previous research and approaches the energy transition as a profound and systemic process of technological and social change. The Stuttgart Research Initiative on Integrated Systems Analysis for Energy (STRise), of which ZIRIUS is part, is one of the main partners of the research consortium of 84 collaborators.
In the first phase of the project, the emphasis is on gaining a better understanding of the complex energy supply system and related areas, such as industry, transportation and consumption. Building on this, researchers and partners from business and civil society will address the question of how technical, economic, political and social structures can be considered in the development of the future energy system. The aim of the project is to ensure that the energy transition is designed in an efficient, but also socially responsible manner. Within the framework of phase 1 of ENavi, ZIRIUS is active in two work packages.
WP 1 Roads Map and Navigation
This work packages serves to collect results from the other work packages and elaborate the required interventions. The plural form “roads map” highlights the fact that unlike conventional technology road mapping, a variety of possible pathways will be analysed.
As part of AP1, ZIRIUS is responsible for the examination of the interdependency between the required interventions in different fields in order to develop policy packages dominated by synergies instead of reciprocal interferences. So-called panorama scenarios will also be developed. These broach the issue that as a society, Germany will change in many ways over the long periods of time in which the energy transition is being designed, which will also impact on the energy transition. ZIRIUS will use Cross-Impact Balance analysis (CIB) as a central method here.
WP 6 Behaviour in the Context of Changing Lifestyles and Values
The objectives of this WP led by ZIRIUS are to identify (1) the factors that influence decision-making and user behaviour and innovation strategies for various stakeholders (households, companies, etc.) and (2) to examine the effectiveness of innovative interventions and support measures, as well as the acceptance of measures.
For the work on the household level, ZIRIUS devotes itself to the transformative potential of multi- and intermodal transport concepts that unite public transport, car sharing (incl. E-cars), car rental, pedestrians, cycling (including e-bikes), etc. and are tailored to different user groups, and the promotion of the flexibilisation of mobility decisions as an alternative to the dominant use of their own car. Interactions with the diffusion of electromobility are considered.
In addition to this work on a household level, ZIRIUS is responsible for stakeholder analysis at a meso level. Here, ZIRIUS examines strategies and visions of long-established and new stakeholders in the electricity and mobility sector. The focus of the work initially focuses on the niche of better storage and intermodality. For both niches, it will be necessary to investigate which stakeholders are active, which action concepts and visions they have and which diffusion mechanisms can be identified in each case. The results of these analyses are then evaluated with regard to further diffusion potential and the effectiveness of future control tools.